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Smart Houses and Indoor Air Quality

Indoor Air Quality

A smart home is a house with internet-connected devices which allow remote monitoring and control of appliances and systems. Smart home technology, also known as home automation or domotics (from the Latin “domus,” which means “house”), provides homeowners with security, comfort, convenience, and energy savings by allowing them to control smart gadgets with a tap on their smartphone or other networked device.

Smart home systems and devices, which are part of the internet of things (IoT), frequently work together, sharing consumer usage data and automating activities depending on the homeowners’ preferences. Many  aspects  of the home (lightbulbs, dishwashers,heating system) have seen the advent of a smart home counterpart.

Here are a few example of smart house technologies:

  1. Smart locks – Users can allow or restrict visitor access to your home or office using smart locks and garage door openers. Residents can also use smart locks to recognize when they are close to home and unlock the doors before they arrive.
  2. Smart TV -Smart TVs use the internet to access content such as on-demand video and music through apps. Voice and gesture recognition are sometimes available on smart TVs.
  3.  Smart light bulbs – Smart lighting systems can detect when occupants are in the room and alter lighting as needed, in addition to being able to be controlled remotely. Smart light bulbs can also adjust their brightness based on the amount of daylight available.
  4. Smart thermostats – Smart thermostats have built-in Wi-Fi allowing users to program, monitor, and regulate home temperature remotely. These gadgets also learn from homeowners’ habits and adjust settings automatically to deliver optimal comfort and efficiency to inhabitants. Smart thermostats can also track energy consumption and notify users on how to improve and save energy usage. 
  5. Smart motion sensors and security cameras – Smart motion sensors and security cameras can distinguish and identify  residents, their guests, pets, as well as intruders and can alert authorities if unusual activity is detected.

In smart homes all these devices are connected to one central system called Home Energy Management System.

What do smart houses mean for indoor air quality? 

Smart houses are considered as one way to reduce climate-related and air pollution health concerns. Because climate change has a negative impact on indoor air quality- good ventilation and filter technology are important aspects in all future building designs.

In terms of the projected detrimental effects of climate change on air quality, as well as indoor air pollution, smart homes offer prospects. They allow the user to detect online not only climatic parameters but also concentrations of air polluting elements like:

  1.  Carbon dioxide (CO2), 
  2. Parameters for volatile organic compounds (VOCs)
  3. Ozone concentrations
  4. Relative humidity 
  5. Particulate Matter 

All these parameters can be recorded and managed in the Home Energy Management System (HEMS) using modern sensor technology. 

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